Encyclopaedia of the Hellenic World, Asia Minor FOUNDATION OF THE HELLENIC WORLD
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Dio Chrysostomus

Dio Chrysostomus (26/1/2006 v.1) Δίων Χρυσόστομος (14/10/2005 v.1)

Dio (Cocceianus) Prusaeus, also known as Chrysostomus, was an orator and a sophist, one of the precursors of the Second Sophistic movement. He was born in Prousa (Bursa) of Bithynia in the mid-1st century AD and spent part of his life in exile, during the reign of Emperor Domitian. After the emperor’s death he returned to his birthplace, where he was occupied with common affairs and rhetoric. His work includes mostly speeches as well as historical and philosophical treatises.



Ignatius of Antioch

Ignatius of Antioch (8/2/2006 v.1) Ιγνάτιος της Αντιοχείας (14/10/2005 v.1)

Bishop of Antioch during Trajan’s reign. He took measures to organize the city's Christian community. He was arrested and brought to Rome, where he met his death as a martyr in c.107 AD. On his way to Rome he sent epistles to the Christian communities of the cities of Asia Minor. The texts of these epistles have survived and the teachings contained therein constitute the foundation of the theological school of Antioch.




Libanius (17/2/2006 v.1) Λιβάνιος (14/10/2005 v.1)

Orator and sophist of late antiquity (4th c. AD). He was born in Antioch, studied in Athens and worked as a teacher of rhetoric and philosophy in Constantinople and Nicomedia. He returned to Antioch in 354 and gained the seat of the school there. He is famous for his classicistic style and his nostalgia for the classical past and the pagan world that had started to fade. Among his numerous pupils were the philosopher Aedesius and John Chrysostom.



Lucian of Samosata

Lucian of Samosata (17/2/2006 v.1) Λουκιανός Σαμοσάτων (14/10/2005 v.1)

Lucian of Samosata was a teacher of rhetoric and probably the most important satiric writer of the Roman period. His works reflect the social conditions of the 2nd c. AD (Antonine period) and place him among the representatives of the Second Sophistic, although his humble origins and education deprived him of a senior post in teaching.



Philistion of Nicaea

Philistion of Nicaea - to be assigned Φιλιστίων της Νικαίας - to be assigned


Pliny the Elder

Pliny the Elder (13/2/2006 v.1) Πλίνιος ο Πρεσβύτερος (14/10/2005 v.1)

Roman author of the 1st c. AD. Pliny was a prolific author. However, of all his works, only Natural History, an encyclopedic work in 37 volumes, survives.



Pliny the Younger

Pliny the Younger - to be assigned Πλίνιος ο Nεότερος  - to be assigned


Polemon Periegetes

Polemon Periegetes (13/2/2006 v.1) Πολέμων ο Περιηγητής (14/10/2005 v.1)

Author of travelling accounts in the 2nd century B.C., who had probably served as an ambassador to Delphi. He was born near Ilion at the Troad.