Encyclopaedia of the Hellenic World, Asia Minor FOUNDATION OF THE HELLENIC WORLD
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Antoninus Pius

Antoninus Pius (24/1/2006 v.1) Αντωνίνος Πίος (14/10/2005 v.1)

Roman Emperor (138-161 AD). He succeeded Hadrian. His reign was a rare period of tranquillity in the history of the Roman Empire. He was very popular with the people in the provinces, especially those in Asia, which he helped significantly. He secured an heir by adopting Marcus Aurelius and making him his son-in-law.




Aurelian - to be assigned Αυρηλιανός - to be assigned



Caligula (8/2/2006 v.1) Καλιγούλας (14/10/2005 v.1)

Roman emperor who ruled from 37 to 41 AD. His reign has been negatively assessed. He is connected to Asia Minor mainly through the imperial cult practiced by the Greek cities to honour him. Moreover, his policy towards the minor kingdoms of the eastern Roman frontier is highly controversial.




Caracalla - to be assigned Καρακάλλας - to be assigned



Claudius - to be assigned Κλαύδιος - to be assigned



Commodus - to be assigned Κόμμοδος (14/10/2005 v.1)



Diocletian (26/1/2006 v.1) Διοκλητιανός (14/10/2005 v.1)

Diocletian was born in 244 in Dalmatia of a humble family and died in 316. He belonged to the ranks of the cavalry and he raised in hierarchy rapidly. In 284 he was proclaimed Emperor by part of the army. He established the administrative system of the ‘tetrarchy’, with Maximian as emperor and Galerius and Constantius as Caesars. He limited the role of the Senate and took important financial and administrative measures for the recovery of the Empire. In 305 he became the first emperor to...




Domitian (26/1/2006 v.1) Δομιτιανός (14/10/2005 v.1)

Roman emperor (81-96 AD). He succeeded his brother Titus. He followed a social policy, completed many architectural programmes and financially helped cities of the empire, wherever there was any need. He clashed with the senate and favoured officers from the province of Asia. He successfully faced Saturninus' conspiracy, but in 96 AD he was murdered by a plot in which his wife also took part. He was punished by the senate with a damnatio memoriae.




Galerius - to be assigned Γαλέριος - to be assigned



Gallienus (25/1/2006 v.1) Γαλλιηνός (14/10/2005 v.1)

Roman Emperor. He reigned jointly with his father Valerian from 253 until Valerian was taken captive and died in 260 BC and then as an emperor until his murder. He faced many usurpers during his reign. He proceeded to military, administrative and monetary reforms. The latter affected the economic crisis of the empire, which influenced Asia Minor as well.