In 356 BC, the satrap of Hellespontine Phrygia, Artabazus, revolted against the new king, Artaxerxes III, and his attempt to impose stricter control over the coastal satrapies. Artabazus asked for and received the services of Chares, an Athenian general who dispatched his army to Asia Minor. Artaxerxes reacted to Chares’ successes and demanded that Athens should recall Chares. The Athenians complied and Artabazus turned to Thebes, securing the services of an expeditionary force under Pammenes. Despite the Theban general’s victories, Artabazus suspected him of treason and arrested him. His revolt ended soon after and Artabazus and his family sought refuge in the court of Philip II of Macedonia in 353 BC.